SEN – The golden thread

The Golden Thread? Well, as they say, what works for boys works for girls, and in my opinion, what works for children with SEN works for all – albeit with differentiation!

So, what do we as teachers “do” and how does this “thread” fit in?

  1. Assess
  2. Plan whole class teaching and learning
  3. Plan questioning
  4. Plan key vocab to teach
  5. Plan tasks that encourage independent learning
  6. Make displays to enthuse and enhance learning
  7. Plan interventions
  8. Mark
  9. Feedback
  10. Assess…and so it goes on

SEN should be the thread that runs through the above ten activities. It’s just good, well thought through planning and differentiation, ensuring all learners are supported and included by whatever resources e.g. visual, concrete, human etc.

The job of the SENCo is to support teachers with ideas of how to make this happen. For example when teaching narrative writing, linked to the Stone Age, use images and key question words to aid story planning:

Woolly mammoth scene

Who?

What?

Where?

What doing?

What happened?

Other  pictures could be used to stimulate ideas and this approach could be used across the class, but would be especially helpful for children working at P scales or the old Level 1. Pictures / key words could be drawn/ written to help answer each “W” question. Then a recordable device could be used to enable the child to tell their story. If appropriate, the child could then be supported in transcribing it.

This would support the following for writing:

P8 – joins in group story writing, dictates extended text for a picture

1C – uses pictures to plan story events / writes simple sentences sometimes using punctuation

Hopefully, by breaking the story writing task down like this, supporting with visuals and key question words, working memory will be freed up, enabling the child to just focus on one element at a time,  not be overwhelmed and be successful!

Image credit – Image made with Widgit – Communicate in Print

Reluctant writers? Give them a post it note!

Earlier this year I was lucky enough to attend an Alan Peat Non Fiction writing conference. If you ever get the chance, go to one of his conferences – you won’t be disappointed! I learnt so much, not just about writing, but so much of what he advised would help children with poor organisational skills, poor working memory and so much more!

One of the things suggested was to use coloured post its to enable children to group and categorise information after brainstorming. I used a role on the wall activity for the brainstorming.

Cinderella role on wallAfter that we used coloured post it notes to group our thoughts into 6 different categories. The following lesson we did the same for an Egyptian version of Cinderella and later in the week the children chose a couple of topics to write about in depth.

Cinderella categories

This lesson worked well for the following reasons:

  1. Children who would normally need copious amounts of cajoling to participate and write got straight into the task. Why? I think it helped their organisational skills by breaking the task into manageable chunks.
  2. All children kept to task and were keen to work through step by step, then get their work displayed up on the wall.
  3. The novelty factor! Something different to whiteboards!
  4. When we started lesson 2 there was the visual reminder of how we had worked through the task the previous day, and the children were even more confident.
  5. It led nicely into writing. The children had a better concept of paragraphing through the colours and could choose just a couple of areas to compare.

Thank you Alan Peat, plus all of the experts I’ve met along the way who have taught me about dyslexia and ways to support in class.